Review of the Roots of Youth Violence: Literature Reviews

Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually. Someone’s sexual orientation is their pattern of sexual interest in the opposite or same sex. Social aspects deal with the effects of human society on one’s sexuality, while spirituality concerns an individual’s spiritual connection with others. Sexuality also affects and is affected by cultural, political, legal, philosophical, moral , ethical , and religious aspects of life. Interest in sexual activity typically increases when an individual reaches puberty. Hypothesized social causes are supported by only weak evidence, distorted by numerous confounding factors. Evolutionary perspectives on human coupling, reproduction and reproduction strategies , and social learning theory provide further views of sexuality. Some cultures have been described as sexually repressive.

Childhood Eye Examination

Social network sites SNSs are increasingly attracting the attention of academic and industry researchers intrigued by their affordances and reach. This special theme section of the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication brings together scholarship on these emergent phenomena. In this introductory article, we describe features of SNSs and propose a comprehensive definition. We then present one perspective on the history of such sites, discussing key changes and developments.

After briefly summarizing existing scholarship concerning SNSs, we discuss the articles in this special section and conclude with considerations for future research. Since their introduction, social network sites SNSs such as MySpace, Facebook, Cyworld, and Bebo have attracted millions of users, many of whom have integrated these sites into their daily practices.

It is important to recognize, however, that the study of adolescent romance relevant experiences and by encouraging investigators to examine a wide range of if they have a romantic relationship, and the participants decide on relationships, the frequency and consistency of dating and relationships.

This report examines 1 the prevalence of psychological and minor physical violence victimization in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and 2 associations between sociodemographic factors and victimization. Analyses are based on adolescents who reported exclusively heterosexual romantic relationships in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Items from the Conflict Tactics Scale were used to measure victimization.

Associations between victimization patterns and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed with polytomous logistic regression. Although most sociodemographic characteristics were significantly associated with victimization, patterns varied by sex and type of victimization. Psychological and minor physical violence victimization is common in opposite-sex romantic relationships during adolescence.

The sex-specific associations between sociodemographic characteristics and patterns of partner violence victimization underscore the importance of pursuing longitudinal, theory-driven investigations of the characteristics and developmental histories of both partners in a couple to advance understanding of this public health problem.

E-cigarettes: Facts, stats and regulations

Our analysis of longitudinal data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study showed that the number of adolescent dating and sexual partners does not uniformly influence indicators of young adult well-being, which is at odds with a risk framework. Relationship churning and sexual nonexclusivity during adolescence were associated with lower relationship quality during young adulthood.

Sexual nonexclusivity during adolescence influenced self-reports of depressive symptoms and lower self-esteem among young adults.

As cigarette smoking among those under 18 has fallen, the use of other nicotine products, including Because most tobacco use is established during adolescence, actions to Patterns of E-Cigarette Use Among U.S. Youth and Young Adults 6. Chapter 3. Five longitudinal studies to date suggest that.

New research provides evidence that oral contraceptive use is related to changes in brain structure and function. The study, published in Hormones and Behavior , indicates that oral contraceptive use during puberty might impact stress reactivity and also increase brain activity when working memory is engaged. The researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI fMRI to examine the brain activity and structure of 75 women as they completed a test of working memory.

In addition, women completed the Trier Social Stress Test, an experimentally verified stress-inducing scenario in which the participants are asked to give a speech and do mental arithmetic. Ismail and her colleagues found that oral contraceptive use was linked to increased activation in the prefrontal cortex during working memory processing for negatively arousing stimuli, such as images of a gun. Women who started using oral contraceptives during puberty or adolescence displayed a blunted cortisol response following the stress test.

In particular, women who started using oral contraceptives during puberty or adolescence displayed more brain activity in the bilateral lingual gyrus, midtemporal gyrus, pre-central gyrus, and insula during working memory processing of neutral images. Oral contraceptive use during puberty was also associated with structural changes in brain regions implicated in emotion regulation and memory, such as the fusiform gyrus and precuneus.

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By Saul McLeod , updated The Strange situation is a standardized procedure devised by Mary Ainsworth in the s to observe attachment security in children within the context of caregiver relationships. It applies to infants between the age of nine and 18 months.

Among Republicans, Gen Z stands out on some key issues. This analysis is based on a survey of U.S. teens ages 13 to 17 conducted online Sept. The pattern is similar for Millennials, Gen Xers and Boomers. examined the generation’s demographic characteristics based on Census Bureau data.

In the Netherlands, there was a sharp increase in the number of suicides among to year-olds in A multi-method psychological autopsy study PA was conducted to assess feasibility, identify related factors, and study the interplay of these factors to inform suicide prevention strategies. Coroners identified youth suicides in in their records and then general practitioners GPs contacted the parents of these youths. Over a period of 7 months, 66 qualitative interviews were held with the parents, peers, and teachers, providing information on precipitating factors and five topics involving 35 cases 17 boys and 18 girls, mean age 17 years.

Furthermore, 43 parents and care professionals filled in questionnaires to examine risk and care—related factors. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed. Although registration problems faced by coroners and resistance to contacting bereaved families by GPs hampered the recruitment, most parents highly appreciated being interviewed.

Several adverse childhood experiences played a role at an individual level, such as cyber bullying, parental divorce, sexual abuse, as well as complex mental disorders, and previous suicide attempts. Two specific patterns stood out: 1 girls characterized by insecurity and a perfectionist attitude, who developed psychopathology and dropped out of school, and 2 boys with a developmental disorder, such as autism, who were transferred to special needs education and therefore felt rejected.

In addition, adolescents with complex problems had difficulty finding appropriate formal care. Regarding potential new trends, contagion effects of social media use in a clinical setting and internet use for searching lethal methods were found. This first national PA study showed that, as expected, a variety of mostly complex clusters of problems played a role in youth suicides.

An infrastructure is needed to continuously monitor, evaluate, and support families after each youth suicide and thereby improve prevention strategies. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Consequences of Involvement in Distinct Patterns of Adolescent Peer and Dating Violence.

Electronic nicotine delivery systems ENDS go by many names. Nicotine levels in e-cigarettes are highly variable, with some reaching or exceeding levels found in combustible cigarettes. These devices work by heating tobacco instead of burning it. Sometimes the tobacco is treated with a humectant like propylene glycol to produce an aerosol inhaled by the user.

An alternative approach is to examine relationships among specific single For example, syndrome-specific patterns include almost universal levels The present study aims to replicate these findings, and expand on them In addition, the current study includes the largest FXS sample to date to examine.

The following guidance is based on the best available evidence. The full guideline gives details of the methods and the evidence used to develop the guidance. Two or more findings from table 1 indicate constipation. Table 1 Key components of history-taking to diagnose constipation. Overflow soiling commonly very loose [no form], very smelly [smells more unpleasant than normal stools], stool passed without sensation.

Can also be thick and sticky or dry and flaky. If a child or young person has any ‘red flag’ symptoms, do not treat them for constipation.

Generation Z Looks a Lot Like Millennials on Key Social and Political Issues

A longitudinal test of video falls violence influences on dating and aggression: A 3-year longitudinal study of adolescents. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46 2 , —. Foshee, V.

To date, little is known about the risk factors of WBI. The first two waves delivered data on objective weight status and To examine predictors of WBI, we ran hierarchical regression analyses and exploratory mediation analyses. However, prospective studies for children and adolescents are lacking.

Jump to navigation. Goncy’s program of research focuses on the importance of relationships e. Secondary interests include person-centered and variable-centered approaches to measurement, treatment implementation and fidelity, and development and evaluation of prevention and intervention programs in these areas. She also applies innovative methods and statistical techniques to promote science on issues such as measurement, longitudinal modeling, and use of multi-method or cross-informant data.

Goncy is currently conducting two-mixed method studies to examine relationship factors in young adults. These studies will include interviewing young adults about their opinions related to relationships, as well as having participants complete a series of questionnaires. In DYAD2, couples are brought in to complete similar tasks and also complete a video-taped set of tasks together.

Students interested in gaining research experience may apply as an RA for this project, which is currently in progress. Please see the Get Involved tab. Together with Dr.

Constipation in children and young people: diagnosis and management

See the CME Quiz. Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in examining children. Screening can reveal conditions commonly treated in primary care and can aid in discussion of visual concerns with parents or caregivers.

Vision screening begins with a review of family and personal vision history to identify risk factors requiring referral, including premature birth, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, and a family history of strabismus, amblyopia, retinoblastoma, childhood glaucoma, childhood cataracts, or ocular or genetic systemic disease. Visual acuity measurement and external ocular examination are performed to recognize refractive error, childhood glaucoma, and various ocular conditions.

Study. Study is a systematic way of looking at crime and law enforcement The following are five types of analysis that fall under the umbrella of crime analysis. analysis is to develop patterns of serial crimes crossing city, state, and even national crime, date and time of incidents, the nature of incidents, and other.

Teen dating violence TDV is a type of intimate partner violence. It occurs between two people in a close relationship. Unhealthy relationships can start early and last a lifetime. However, many teens do not report unhealthy behaviors because they are afraid to tell family and friends. TDV is common. It affects millions of teens in the U. Unhealthy, abusive, or violent relationships can have severe consequences and short-and long-term negative effects on a developing teen.

For example, youth who are victims of TDV are more likely to:.

The Choice is Ours (2016) Official Full Version